Australia’s national education evidence body

Intro to multi-tiered system of supports

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This guide is for secondary school leaders and teachers looking to better support Years 7 to 9 students struggling with foundational literacy and numeracy skills. It is primarily aimed at those able to make whole-school decisions. It makes recommendations based on the best available evidence. Early foundational literacy and numeracy skills include those that are expected to be developed through primary school as per the Australian Curriculum, including:

  • reading fluency
  • word recognition
  • written expression
  • reading complex texts
  • spatial reasoning
  • counting and solving number problems.
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