Australia’s national education evidence body
Promote children's early numeracy skills


Numeracy is the capacity, confidence and disposition to use mathematics in daily life. Mathematics involves understanding about numbers and quantity, operations, patterns, space, measurement and shapes. Numeracy is the application of these mathematical concepts, with skills developing along trajectories from birth.

Female teacher with preschool kids

Early Years Learning Framework

This topic relates to all outcomes in the Early Years Learning Framework – a guide to supporting and nurturing young children's learning from birth to 5 years of age, and their transition to school.


The research supports a number of evidence-based practices for promoting early numeracy in early childhood education and care settings.

 Two A4 paper sheets with the AERO early numeracy practice guide

Tried and Tested practice guide

This guide outlines key practices that support early numeracy development in early childhood education and care.
 Two A4 paper sheets with a list of references from an AERO research paper

Annotated reference list

An overview of the research evidence cited throughout our early numeracy resources.

Snapshots of practice

Early numeracy practices may look different in different contexts. See below examples of early numeracy in pre-Primary settings. 

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