Literacy is ‘the capacity, confidence and disposition to use language in all its forms’ (Early Years Learning Framework). It can include talking, listening, viewing, reading, writing, music, movement, dance, storytelling, visual arts, media and drama. Children develop a wide range of literacy skills in the early years, from infancy through to the start of school, which form the foundation for reading, writing and communicating. Early literacy approaches aim to promote the development of these foundational skills.
The research supports a number of evidence-based practices for promoting early literacy in early childhood education and care settings.