Social and emotional learning involves skills such as children distinguishing their own needs from those of others, learning to effectively identify and manage emotions, and building and maintaining positive relationships with others.
Mathematical thinking and learning starts in infancy and develops into adulthood. It includes learning about mathematical concepts and applying them in everyday situations.
Physical development occurs as children learn how to use and take care of their growing bodies. It is a foundation for other learning and development. Children use their bodies for learning, by moving around and interacting with people and their environment.
Language and communication are the foundations for all learning and social interaction. They relate to many other aspects of cognitive, physical and social development, beginning in infancy.
Executive functions enable humans to control impulses, stay focused, prioritise, and achieve our goals. They include 3 higher-order thinking skills that emerge during early childhood: working memory, inhibitory control and cognitive flexibility.
This user guide is for teachers and educators working in early childhood education and care services for children in the years before school.